The Turkish bath or “hamam” is appreciated from ancient Greece and much frequented during the Roman Empire.
The Turkish bath consists of remain in a saturated water vapor atmosphere with maximum humid temperatures between 40 to 45°C. The high temperatures induce muscle relaxation and accelerates the metabolism, which induces vasodilatation, stimulates the nervous system and the heart rate increases, creating an artificial fever. The artificial fever caused by Turkish bath detoxifies the body, contributing to the reduction of minerals, fats, toxins and impurities without physical effort.
Health professionals, including dermatologists and pulmonologists, recommend the practice of sauna for treating skin allergies and acne, bronchitis, rhinitis, colds, rheumatism, obesity, physical and mental exhaustion and stress reduction. The Turkish bath as acts under the skin acts under the scalp and balances and improves oily conditions. The Turkish bath as containing water vapor saturation becomes more hydrated and thus more smooth and clean.
Health professionals do not recommend the practice this type of spa, to people with high blood pressure, heart disease or circulation disorders. Healthy people should not be exposed more than 15 minutes.
The hamam can be enjoyed with aromas:
Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus): is recognized for its medicinal properties antibacterial, antiseptic, antirheumatic and expectorant. The aroma added to water vapor is favorable for persons who have respiratory problems.
Lemon (Citrus limon): as eucalyptus, this aroma is antibacterial and antirheumatic but is also stimulating, refreshing and rich in vitamin C.
Mint (Mentha x piperita officinalis): antiseptic, antispasmodic, vasodilator, tonic and refreshing. The aroma is often chosen for the relief of headaches and for the treatment of respiratory disorders.
Pine (Pinus sylvestris): antirheumatic, antiseptic and expectorant.
Birch (Betula alba): cleanses the skin and the body and has a cathartic and anti-seborrheic properties.
To obtain the maximum effect of the Turkish bath is advisable to follow a process that starts with a shower to induce the opening of the pores (the person should remove the makeup and creams), then dry the body and enter the cabin where one can choose or add the aroma. Stay in the sauna at most 15 minutes, adjust the position – lying down or sitting up straight – to facilitate breathing. After the period of exposure, leave the cabin and cool off with a shower of cold or lukewarm water, starting with the feet and gradually ascending to the head. If want to repeat, wait about ten minutes and dry the body before entering.
If during the process the person feel a malaise, should immediately leave the cabin.
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