The syrups aqueous and limpid preparations that have purified, distilled and demineralized water containing sugar concentration close to saturation. An example of a syrup is 65 g of sucrose dissolved in 35 g of water.
Sucrose – recognized as regular sugar kitchens. Sucrose is very soluble in water, sparingly soluble in glycerin and low in alcohol. Sucrose is a non-reducing sugar because the reducing chemical groups of the monomers which is involved in the glycosidic bond and may not form polymers – macromolecules composed of monomers (small molecules, e.g. hydrocarbon) – glucose – monosaccharide, it is one of main sources of energy metabolism – fructose (often present in fruit sugar, is sweeter than sucrose).
The function of the sugar syrup is sweeten, increase the caloric value and preserve the solution, improves the viscosity and the dissolution of some medicinal products – dielectric constant (+/- 60) less than the water (+/- 80) -, antioxidant medium (reducing sugars formed have antioxidant properties).
Preparation of a syrup involves dissolving the sugar in water (simple syrup) or medicinal solutions – tincture, extracts, drugs – (simple or extraction solutions).
The traditional and delicious carrot syrup to combat cough of children can be made with very simple ingredients: a carrot and two tablespoons of brown sugar. The preparation of the syrup begins to thoroughly wash the carrot and cut it finely, without peeling. Then, mix the brown sugar, let macerate at most two days (or until the carrots wilt). The syrup is the fluid (sauce), which over time will be extracted.
If the syrup is for children over one year of age or adult can add a tablespoon of honey. Honey is not recommended for children less than one year because it can cause botulism (rare but potentially fatal food poisoning caused by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum toxin). The medicinal properties of carrot (Daucus carota) are expectorant, diuretic, digestive, emmenagogue (induces menstruation), treat kidney stones and dewormer. 100g carrots are equivalent to 51 Kcal.
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