The dietary habits of each person dictate their diet and vary by gender (male, female), age and state of health.
A healthy diet is defined by balanced nutrition that is, avoid overeating and dietary deficiencies. Nutrition plans encourage the intake of nutritional quantities appropriate to each person, offering flexible diets – in which the person is mainly concerned with a part of the food pyramid (eg fat) or energy – using formulas, and that some or all meals are replaced with balanced nutritional formulas – exchange diet – in which one chooses foods from each food pyramid sector – and the cold menu – is more restrictive and demanding because foods are chosen specifically.
Diets are generally classified as omnivores, vegetarians and lactovegetarian. You can also sort the diet by objectives:
- The most common: weight change (gain or loss)
- Detoxification (elimination of toxins);
- Lifestyle and religion;
- Prevention and treatment of diseases.
There are several recognized and defined diets, such as:
- Elimination diet – test for determining whether patients have sensitivity to certain drugs;
- Macrobiotic – Diet Yin and Yang theory which is based on whole grains and vegetables;
- Mediterranean – recognized as the healthiest in the world as prevention of cancer and chronic diseases;
- Paleolithic – hunter-gatherer culture, where the diet is based on pre-civilization human consumption, with a diet rich in fiber due to plant foods.
When it comes to weight loss diets: should consume food in proportion to how much you spend and practice daily physical activity.
“Once you have to start counting calories, it takes away from the joy of eating.” -Mireille Guiliano
Diets should be adjusted to gender, age, daily physical activity and health conditions so it must adapt the portions and food eaten each day, providing the balance: which does not imply that personal food preferences must be rejected, but weighted and balanced with other sectors of the food pyramid.
Children under 2 years should not adopt light diets because they require fats for healthy growth, so fat intake should only be reduced gradually between 2 and 5 years old.
People who can not control or regulate their weight should consult a health professional to avoid the yo-yo diets.
Attention to diet and dietary supplements because they may not be compatible with some health problems.
“Vegetables are a must on a diet. I suggest carrot cake, zucchini bread, and pumpkin pie.” -Jim Davis
KRAPP, K. [et al.]. Manual de medicinas complementares. Barcelona; Loures; Porto: Oceano: Crerital: Nova Variante, . [VIII], Original title: The gale encyclopedia of alternative medicine
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