Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) belongs to the Myrtaceae family and is more than 75% of plant population of Australia. The trees are characteristic for their height (some of the 300 species can reach 160 meters), the leaves of blue-green color have a balsamic and lemon aroma.
Eucalyptus adapts easily to different types of soils (sandy, clay, silt, silty and sandy loam) that are well-drained. Prefer places with sun exposure and with annual temperatures ranging between 16 and 20°C.
The roots of these species promote the establishment of the soil, but the growth of these trees stagnates the growth of nearby plants, showing up invasive and unbalancing the ecosystem.
The main medicinal properties of the eucalyptus are antiseptic, expectorant, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, these respiratory disorders, including asthma and bronchitis.
The balsamic scent repels insects and some worms.
The essential oil is obtained from the more mature leaves and is used in perfumery and medicine / pharmacy – especially the species Eucalyptus globulus and E. polybractea – as a remedy for cough, cold, treat wounds and infections and as an elixir to gargle in case of sore throat. The essential oil can be used directly to moisturize hands, eliminates dandruff and relieves muscle and joint pain.
In the pharmacy there are several eucalyptus extracts prepared in the form of tincture, cream, ointment, pills and essential oil.
Children, pregnant women and infants are not advised to medicinal use of eucalyptus.
The essential oil should be diluted with a neutral oil (for example, sweet almond oil).
Eucalyptus should not be consumed or applied simultaneously with other drugs.
Some people have allergic reactions and digestive disorders – nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
KRAPP, K. [et al.]. Manual de medicinas complementares. Barcelona; Loures; Porto: Oceano: Crerital: Nova Variante, . [VIII], Original title: The gale encyclopedia of alternative medicine
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