January seasonal fruit – II

January seasonal fruit – II
22/01/2015 Margarida Moreira

Apple (Malus domestica, Rosaceae family) is a rich fruit in vitamins, fiber and potassium. Apples can be eaten raw, candied, baked, cooked, in jams and sweets. The apple has laxative properties, reduces the acidity of the stomach and cleans teeth and gums. 100g of apple is equivalent to 52 Kcal.

Walnut (Juglans spp., Juglandaceae family) is a dry fruit rich in protein, fiber and essential amino acids. The seed is often used raw, roasted, powdered, laminated or chopped in cooking, bakeries and pastry shops. In health care, the walnuts are diuretic and stimulant, treat frequent urination, weakness, constipation, asthma and anemia. 100g of walnuts is equivalent to 654 Kcal.

Pear (Pyrus spp., Rosaceae family) is a rich fruit in vitamins (especially C) and fiber. This fruit can be eaten raw, cooked, candied, in jams, sweets and pastries. Pears cause less allergies compared to other fruits and have medicinal properties: sedative and febrifuge. 100g of pear is equivalent to 57 Kcal.

Pine nut (Pinus spp., Pinaceae family) is a dried fruit rich in carbohydrates and fiber. The pine nuts are a very nutritional food and can be eaten raw or added to salads and pastries. The medicinal properties of this seed are anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and promotes milk production in women who are lactating. It is also used to treat skin conditions such as wounds, burns and scratches. 100g of pine nuts is equivalent to 673 Kcal.

Kiwifruit (Actinidia spp., Actinidiaceae family) is a January seasonal fruit (berry) rich in protein, vitamins (especially vitamin C) and potassium. The kiwi is not the best fruit for milk desserts, because the kiwifruit’ enzymes digest the milk protein. In health care, it is recommended as a diuretic, febrifuge and for elimination of kidney stones. 100g of kiwifruit is equivalent to 60 Kcal.

Tangerine or Mandarin (Citrus reticulata, Rutaceae family) is a rich citrus fruit in vitamins (A and C) and minerals (potassium, calcium …). Tangerine besides being eaten fresh, can be added to salads, fruit salads, juices and pastries. It is used to treat respiratory and digestive problems. The fruit is laxative, aphrodisiac and antitussive. 100g of tangerine equivalent to 50 Kcal.

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