Macrobiotic diet

Macrobiotic diet
03/03/2015 Margarida Moreira

The Macrobiotic diet is part of the eastern theory Yin & Yang. The theory states that everything in nature there is a duality, one opposite and complementary side or different perspectives.

“The dance between darkness and light will always remain— the stars and the moon will always need the darkness to be seen, the darkness will just not be worth having without the moon and the stars.” -JoyBell C.

The macrobiotic live the life following the teachings of holistic philosophy: eat natural and organic products (without human manipulation at the genetic level) two to three times a day and respect the three hours of digestion, chew slowly and cautiously, use cotton clothing, makeup with biocosmetics and natural drugs. The practitioners of this diet adopt healthy habits like regular exercise (including yoga, dance and martial arts), often airing the house and enrich it with plants to promote air renewal and cooking on gas fire or fires (e.g. grilling). They are usually not technology enthusiasts.

In macrobiotic diet is renowned for being abundant in vegetables (cabbages, carrots, onions, parsley, watercress, seaweed, celery, cucumber and lettuce), fruit, nuts and whole grains (rice, corn, rye, oats and wheat. The cereals belong to 50% of the macrobiotic diet) sometimes includes fish. Food products banned in the macrobiotic diet are some agricultural products (tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, beets and pumpkin), meat and animal derivatives, refined grains, sugar and processed foods.

The preparation of food always requires cooking in heat and never microwave or electric stoves.

The nutritional value of each food is undervalued given the importance of metaphysics (branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the world), however the diet is rich in vitamins, fiber and minerals and low in fat salts. The diet is rich in agriculture products, including the protein is obtained from soybeans.

The Yin & Yang theory influences the abundance of food in each meal of the day, based on the atmospheric energy. For example, in the colder seasons (autumn and winter), breakfast should be light as opposed to exuberant energy. Dinner should be strengthened because there is less atmospheric energy.

Benefits

The medical value for this diet, such as obtaining protein is of vegetable origin, reduces the risk of stroke, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, psoriasis and certain cancers. The diet promotes weight loss.

The diet is flexible and each person can adapt its power according to their needs and health care.

Precautions

The fruits more consumed by macrobiotic are low in vitamins, so some caution is required when adopting this diet to not develop vitamin, protein deficit and malnutrition– so to be a healthy diet should not be followed strictly.

The change to this diet should be gradual and slow, not to cause digestive disorders.

Animic or people suffering from celiac disease or allergies should avoid this diet.

Pregnant women, breast-feeding and digestive disorders should consult a health professional before starting the diet.

 

KRAPP, K. [et al.]. Manual de medicinas complementares. Barcelona; Loures; Porto: Oceano: Crerital: Nova Variante, [2004]. [VIII], Original title: The gale encyclopedia of alternative medicine

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