Music therapy has numerous advantages in cognitive development of infants, and the relaxing (and parents too). The music combined with favorable places to dream or fantasy, arouse sensitivity, love, intelligence, imagination, social skills and develop the rhythmic movement.
“Childhood is a step in which the brain is more flexible, so that the hearing ability and learning effects are greater than at any other stage of life.” – Flohr, Deebus & Miller, 2000.
Music therapy and babies
The sooner the music is introduced in the child’s environment, the higher your potential to learn. Children living surrounded by words become easier and faster fluent and explicit speech because music stimulates both hemispheres of the brain, and that music is an invitation to start singing (or imitate some words).
Music can and must be present in the baby’s life from his birth (therapists recommend even during pregnancy, and there are numerous studies that state that, in the womb, babies can hear music and respond to sound stimuli with movements, for example kicks).
Music has therapeutic effects in children similar to those of adults: relieves pain, reduces stress and anxiety, unwind and relax. The music induces exercise and, as such, prevents health problems associated with a sedentary lifestyle. Music improves self-esteem, influence the emotions and causes sensations. Music therapy is recommended to develop the cognitive abilities of infants and children.
“The results of scientific studies have shown that music is a key element for child development and is particularly important in the early years of life. […] not only stimulates cognitive development, but also the emotional development, physical and social. “- Psychologist Cláudia Pereira
The music helps to create and strengthen personal relationships and emotional well-being of children, encourages physical development and motor coordination – babies and children have a tendency to dance when they are involved in an environment with music.
It is recommended that the baby (or child) try various age appropriate instruments to have access to sounds, tones, rhythms and different melodies, and to listen happy / relaxing music to induce auditory and motor stimulation and experience feelings of well-being.
The therapist, parents or educators should be aware of the baby likes / child, analyzing the reactions and expressions (smile, wide eyes, mobilization of attention with the turning of the head to follow the music source, excited flurry of arms and legs indicate that they are like) that shows when you hear certain type of music.
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