Achillea millefolium

Names

Names

Scientific: Achillea millefolium

English: Yarrow

Portuguese: Milfólio, milefólio

Origins

Origins

Family: Asteraceae

Origin: Europe and Western Asia

Life Cycle: Vivacious

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Achillea-millefolium 02-Achillea-millefolium 03-Achillea-millefolium 04-Achillea-millefolium 05-Achillea-millefolium 06-Achillea-millefolium 07-Achillea-millefolium 08-Achillea-millefolium 09-Achillea-millefolium 10-Achillea-millefolium 11-Achillea-millefolium 12-Achillea-millefolium 13-Achillea-millefolium 14-Achillea-millefolium 15-Achillea-millefolium 16-Achillea-millefolium 17-Achillea-millefolium 18-Achillea-millefolium 19-Achillea-millefolium 20-Achillea-millefolium 21-Achillea-millefolium
Scientific NameAchillea millefolium
English NameYarrow
Portuguese NameMilfólio, milefólio, aquileia, erva-das-cortadelas, erva-de-são-João, erva-dos-golpes, ervas-dos-militares, milfolhada, mil-folhas, mil-em-rama
German NameGemeine Schafgarbe
FamilyAsteraceae
OriginEurope and Western Asia
HabitatMeadows, pastures, lawns and poor soils
Life CycleVivacious
Preferences CultivationPoor, well-drained soils, the species improves soil fertility, sunlight, shade tolerant and drought and adapts to maritime gardens. Can survive up to temperatures around -25 ° C, and its presence among other species, protects them from insects and increases them the amount of essential oil. The plant has a very extensive root system, so it can become invasive.
Method of propagationSowing - seeds ripen from July to September and should be sown in spring or early fall, leading one to three months to germinate. You can put the plants in pots until pbterem enough to sobriverem for permanent location, size transplantation of plants should be done in the summer. The divisions are made between the spring and summer and can be placed directly in permanent locations. The spread may also be otherwise staking: harvesting stalk height of 10 cm, and then places them in pots, taking care to control the temperature keeping them hot and exposed to sunlight, rooting will at 3 weeks and are ready to be planted outside in the summer. 
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from May to August. H, 0.7 m, ᴓ 0.3 m
Description of smells and flavorsMild herb aroma
Properties MedicinalAntidiarrheal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, appetite stimulant, astringent, carminative, cholagogue (induces the secretion of bile), diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, odontálogico, stimulant, digestive and vasodilator. The species despite a low concentration of tannins, these are responsible for healing, hemostatic and astringent effects. Flavonoids have spasmolytic, diuretic and antipyretic properties. How ethnomedical and medical use is recommended for the lack of appetite, dispesias hipossecretoras, gastritis, digestive spasms, nausea, vomiting, dyskinesia Hepatobiliary, cholecystitis, haemorrhoids, varicose veins and phlebitis. Fresh plant can be applied directly to the teeth, to relieve pain. Externally it is applied in gynecological inflammation, dermal ulcers, and burns hemorrhoidal. Uses approved by the German Commission E: is internally recommended in loss of appetite and dyspepsia. Externally, it is used in gynecological baths underbelly.
Properties EdibilityFlavor salads, beer and preservative infusion from the leaves and flowers. The essential oil from the flowers is used to flavor soft drinks.
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsSide effects: prolonged use of this plant a medicinal form or in the diet, may cause allergic skin rashes (hives) or cause photosensitivity in some people. In theory, the species may increase the sedative effect of plants. In high doses can cause dizziness and headaches due to ketones essential oil. Contraindications: dyspepsia with gastric hypersecretion because lactones stimulate secretion of hydrochloric acid and pepsin in the stomach.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Part used: flowers and flowering luminaries. Pruning: base shear in spring. Harvest: The leaves are harvested in summer and can be dried for later use.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attractive to pollinators. Repellent ants, flies and beetles and repels mosquitoes when burned.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe name derives from the Greek Achillea on the hero Achilles (in Portuguese, Achilles), son of the nymph Thetis and Peleus, king of the Myrmidons. This warrior took part in the Trojan War and when he or his fellow soldiers were hurt, resorted to plants to heal, namely Achillea intended to stanch the blood, giving the name of the herb-military.

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