Alcea rosea

Names

Names

Scientific: Alcea rosea

English: Hollyhock

Portuguese: Malvaísco

Origins

Origins

Family: Malvaceae

Origin: Unknown

Life Cycle: Perennial (in Portugal, assumes a biannual behavior).

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Alcea-rosea 02-Alcea-rosea 03-Alcea-rosea 04-Alcea-rosea 05-Alcea-rosea 06-Alcea-rosea 07-Alcea-rosea 08-Alcea-rosea
Scientific NameAlcea rosea
English NameHollyhock
Portuguese NameMalvaísco, alcea, bismalva, canhamera, gigantes, malva arvorina, malva da China, malva da Índia, malva do Japão, malvaísco e papoila da China.
German NameGewöhnliche Stockrose
FamilyMalvaceae
OriginUnknown
HabitatMeadows, fertile places with sunlight and shaded areas.
Life CyclePerennial (in Portugal, assumes a biannual behavior).
Preferences CultivationAdapts to any soil , but prefers a nutrient rich soi , sheltered from direct sunlight , hardy to about -15°C, grows as a biennial due to susceptibility to fungi.
Method of propagationSowing - seeds ripen from August to October , sowing in April and May or August and September in pots or in permanent locations. It grows easily from seed usually germinate 2 to 3 weeks at about 20°C. The passage of potted plants for permanent sites should be taken in the summer. The division should be done after flowering and root cuttings must be made in December.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering July to September. H: 1 m, ? 0.5 m
Description of smells and flavorsMild flavor.
Properties MedicinalThe species has anti - inflammatory, astringent, diuretic, and febrifuge properties emoliante. The flowers are diuretic and emoliante (induces tone and sensitivity of tissues and reduces pain and inflammation). The roots are chosen for the treatment of loss of appetite. The seed is diuretic, emollient and febrifuge. Useful in treating chest pain and dysentery the decoction improves blood circulation, treats constipation, dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), and hemorrhage. It is crushed and applied as a poultice on ulcers. The roots and flowers are used in Chinese medicine for treatment of inflammation of the kidney and uterus, seminal and vaginal discharge.
Properties EdibilityInfusion of flower petals and salads.
Properties OtherThe fiber is used in the manufacture of paper, after harvesting the seed. The sheets are removed and the seeds cooked with bleach for 2 hours before removing the fibers, and then milled for 3 hours.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsUnknown
Pests and diseases & how to fight themAs a young plant is very susceptible to slugs and is a biennial plant due to fragility in the face of fungal diseases.
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves (raw or cooked), flowers (fresh and dried), root and seeds. Pruning: basal cuttings at any time of year. Harvest: the flowers are harvested when they are fully open, the seeds should be harvested in late summer.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators (bees and butterflies).
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe botanical name of this species comes from the Greek alkaia or mauve . This species and Althaea officinalis was one of the first plants brought by colonists to the New World ( Americas) and shared with the Cherokee Indians.

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