Aloysia triphylla

Names

Names

Scientific: Aloysia triphylla

English: Lemon verbena

Portuguese: Lúcia-lima

Origins

Origins

Family: Verbenaceae

Origin: South America

Life Cycle: Perennial, deciduous shrub

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameAloysia triphylla
English NameLemon verbena, lemon beebrush
Portuguese NameLúcia-lima, limonete, bela-luísa, erva-luísa, doce-lima, verbena, cidrilha, cidró, cidrão, cedrina, salva-limão e falsa-erva-cidreira
German NameZitronenstrauch
FamilyVerbenaceae
OriginSouth America
HabitatWell-drained soils, hot and humid climate
Life CyclePerennial, deciduous shrub
Preferences CultivationAdapts well to moderately fertile soils if well drained. Sun exposure, hot and humid climate, can withstand temperatures up to about 10°C. Should prune all the base before starting the winter to prevent frost damage. In spring or early summer, the plant will be reborn
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds ripen from September to October. Plantations abroad should be in the spring or early summer and should be protected against the cold, in the first winter. You can cut the young shoots between May and June and mid-mature stems in August. The cuttings is another way to spread.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering in August (can bloom earlier if it is subjected to stress). H: 3 m, Ø 1m
Description of smells and flavorsThe aroma is citric
Properties MedicinalRelaxant, sedative, antidepressant, digestive, pain relief, and abdominal discomfort, carminative and anti gastric acidity. The leaves and flowers have antispasmodic and antipyretic properties. The plant is used to combat lethargy (pathological state of deep sleep caused by serious infections affecting the nerve centers) and colds. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy for treating nerves, digestive problems, acne, cysts and fever.
Properties EdibilityThe sheets are typically cooked as spinach but more common in flavor salads and fruit salads. As a Tee, the heating the temperature to about 90°C, leaving 3g / L in infusion for 7 minutes, strain and serve. The stunning bright green hides the intensity of its fruity aroma, highlighting that the citrus notes of lemon peel. The intensity and liveliness make its long persistence, lasting delicious lemon notes.
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsContraindications: The essential oil can sensitize the skin to sunlight. Do not use for long periods as it may cause stomach upset and even gastritis.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Part used: flowers and leaves. Pruning: survives the winter, however, as a precaution, you may want to cut the plant at the base to prevent damage from frost, it will reborn in the spring or early summer. Prune in spring.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Unknown
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe dried leaves retain the aroma for years. The species Aloysia triphylla, native of Argentina and Chile, came to Europe by the Spaniards, in the century. XVIII. The name "Maria Luísa", recalling the scent of lemon, was awarded in honor of the wife of the king of Spain, Carlos IV.

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