Artemisia absinthium

Names

Names

Scientific: Artemisia absinthium

English: Absinthium

Portuguese: Absinto

Origins

Origins

Family: Asteraceae

Origin: Eurasia and Northern

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

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Scientific NameArtemisia absinthium
English NameAbsinthium, absinthe wormwood, wormwood, common wormwood, green ginger or grand wormwood
Portuguese NameAbsinto
German NameEchter Wermut, Absinth, Bitterer Beifuß, Alsem, Wermutkraut
FamilyAsteraceae
OriginEurasia and Northern 
HabitatRocky places.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationIn spontaneous state usually live in very poor and dry soils, in high and very sun-exposed areas, and to be perfectly adapted to these conditions, represents an excellent alternative to be low maintenance gardens, since plants, once installed, requires no irrigation system to survive, even on land with very low nutrient soils.
Method of propagationSowing – between late winter and early summer.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from July to August. H: 1 m, ᴓ 1 m
Description of smells and flavorsBitter.
Properties MedicinalDigestive problems. Antispasmodic, anthelmintic, antiseptic, cholagogue, carminative, emmenagogue, febrifuge and stimulant. Wormwood (leaves and flowering part) has been used for stomach problems and appetizer. The wormwood tea can help alleviating labor pains.
Properties EdibilityThe leaves are used to flavoring dishes. Alcoholic beverage (absinthe). 
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsThis species contains a psychoactive chemical (thujone) that can cause convulsions and kidney failure when ingested in large amounts.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: whole plant.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Repels pests, only the black aphids on the plant can survive without, however, causing damage to the plant.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesIn Europe, the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium was extracted from wormwood and combined with alcohol to make the popular drink known as absinthe: “the green fairy”.

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