Borago officinalis

Names

Names

Scientific: Borago officinalis

English: Borage

Portuguese: Borago, borragem

Origins

Origins

Family: Boraginaceae

Origin: South and West of Europe and Mediterranean region

Life Cycle: Annual

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameBorago officinalis
English NameBorage, starflower
Portuguese NameBorago, borragem, borragem-comum
German NameBorretsch, Gurkenkraut, Kukumerkraut
FamilyBoraginaceae
OriginSouth and West of Europe and Mediterranean region
HabitatCultivated and uncultivated fields
Life CycleAnnual
Preferences CultivationSun exposure. Dry, arid and rocky soils and adapts well to sandy soils.
Method of propagationSow in spring or autumn. The plant usually self-sows prolifically.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from January to October. H: 0,6 m, ᴓ 0,4 m
Description of smells and flavorsFresh flavor similar to cucumber.
Properties MedicinalMenstrual pain, antirheumatic, depurative, expectorant, febrifuge, diuretic and relieves rashes and other skin irritations. The infusion (herbal tea) of this plant treats chest problems and kidney problems.
Properties EdibilityFinely chopped fresh leaves and flowers are used in salads. The more stiff leaves are cooked and are used to flavor drinks.
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsAvoid excessive or prolonged use because the plant contains compounds which are toxic to the liver.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves and flowers
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators (bees).
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe blue (or purple) flower of Borago officinalis is genetically dominant over the white flower.

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