Capsicum frutescens ‘Amber Explosive’

Names

Names

Scientific: Capsicum frutescens ‘Amber Explosive’

English: Bird pepper, Chili pepper

Portuguese: Malagueta

Origins

Origins

Family: Solanaceae

Origin: Tropical America

Life Cycle: Perennial (but in Portugal, is grown as a biennial)

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Capsicum-frutescens-amber-explosive 02-Capsicum-frutescens-amber-explosive 03-Capsicum-frutescens-amber-explosive 04-Capsicum-frutescens-amber-explosive
Scientific NameCapsicum frutescens 'Amber Explosive'
English NameBird pepper, Chili pepper, Goat pepper, Hot chili, Pungent pepper, Spur pepper, Chilli, Bird's-eye chilli, Cayenne pepper
Portuguese NameMalagueta, pimenta-de-caiena, pimentão-de-cheiro, pimenta espanhola
German Name Ziegenpfeffer, Vogelpfeffer, Roter Pfeffer, Chili Pfeffer
FamilySolanaceae
OriginTropical America
HabitatHot regions, fertile and well-drained soils
Life CyclePerennial (but in Portugal, is grown as a biennial)
Preferences CultivationSun exposure, soil fertile and well-drained, despite being perennial is grown as an annual If the plant is exposed to temperatures accord best fruits thus explaining the preference for the tropics. This species is a good company for aubergines.
Method of propagationSowing - sow in a greenhouse between late winter and early spring. The seed germinates in 3 to 4 weeks if the temperature hovering around 20°C. If they are in a pot and the soil is fairly rich in nutrients, grow fast.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from August to September . H: 1.5 m, ᴓ 0.5 m
Description of smells and flavorsSpicy and hot.
Properties MedicinalThe dried fruit is stimulant narcotic without effects (causing sleep), it is very useful to combat sluggishness of the intestines and stomach, effectively dilate the blood vessels and relieves chronic congestion of alcoholics. Rich in vitamin C, which prevents some diseases. Externally, the result is a strong stimulating the digestive system, contributes to the removal of residues and increases the flow of nutrients to the tissues. Used inside the socks to treat cold feet. The least concentrated infusion can be used to gargle and treat sore throats. The fruit is anti-haemorrhoidal, antirheumatic, antiseptic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, sialogogue (induces secretion of saliva) and antibiotics. In the tropics, and is used as a preservative consumption detoxifies the digestive system. The fruit contains capsaicin, the substance stimulates the circulatory system and alter the regulation of tempertura the human body. When applied on the skin triggers a loss of sensation in nerve endings , and therefore used as a local anesthetic. The German Commission E, according to the guide medicinal herbs, approved Capsicum frutescens for the treatment of painful spasms in the shoulders and back area in adults and children older than six years.
Properties EdibilityThe fruit seasoning meals and salads, it is used in sauces, red meat, poultry, fish and seafood and in tea. The fruit is very spicy, with a strong explosive flavor (as the name implies). It is delightfully combined with Hart's pennyroyal (Mentha cervina), coriander (Coriandrum sativum), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) or marjoram (Origanum majorana). The peppers are the most used condiments worldwide.
Properties OtherOrnamental
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsContraindications: Although there is not any record of this species, is common plants in this family produce toxins in the leaves. The plant may cause gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcers and may interfere with antidepressant drugs and can act as monoamine oxidase (MAO - used to treat depression). Side effects: Externally, the plant's sap can cause irritation, giving a burning sensation and cause erythema or dermatitis. Internally, when taken in high doses may cause vomiting, diarrhea, gastritis, urinary tract inflammation and irritation of the gastro-intestinal tract, the intestinal submucosal fibrosis. Avoid contact with mucous membranes (blistering, nose, mouth and genitals).
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: fruit and leaves.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Repels insects.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe species Capsicum frutescens has its origin on Devil's Island, Guyana - South America. The South American natives cultivated several pepper species even before the arrival of Europeans, these elders had put the fruits of the plant on tombstones as an offering. In Europe, the earliest records date back to the late 15th century, being introduced by the Spaniards with the name "Spanish pepper".

If you found an error, highlight it and press Shift + Enter or click here to inform us.