Centaurea cyanus ‘Dark Red’

Names

Names

Scientific: Centaurea cyanus‘Dark Red’

English: Cornflower

Portuguese: Fidalguinhos

Origins

Origins

Family: Asteraceae

Origin: Europe

Life Cycle: Annual

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Centaurea-cyanus-Cornflower-dark-red 02-Centaurea-cyanus-Cornflower-dark-red 03-Centaurea-cyanus-Cornflower-dark-red
Scientific NameCentaurea cyanus'Dark Red’
English NameCornflower, bachelor's button, bluebottle, boutonniere flower, hurtsickle or cyani flower.
Portuguese NameFidalguinhos, ambreta, ciano, lóios, lóios-dos-jardins, loucos-dos-jardins e saudades.
German NameKornblume, Zyane.
FamilyAsteraceae
OriginEurope
HabitatCrop fields.
Life CycleAnnual
Preferences CultivationSun exposure, soil fertile and well-drained although adapts to poor and dry soils.
Method of propagationSowing - Sow in spring (April), but if you want the plant to flourish earlier you must sow in early autumn.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to August. H: 0,9 m, ᴓ 0,3 m
Description of smells and flavorsFlavor: when the leaves are eaten raw have a taste initially sweet and viscous, followed by a strong penetrating salty taste.
Properties MedicinalThe dried flowers have medicinal properties: antipruritic, diuretic, emmenagogue, purgative, digestive, laxative for children and tonic (it is believed that the plant has properties that treat ophthalmologic problems). Recovers and improves liver health.
Properties EdibilityThe flowers can be cooked or consumed fresh in salads, as well as the young shoots of the plant.
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsUnknown
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: flowers, leaves and shoots of the plant.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesFrom the dried flowers it is possible to get a blue ink that is used to dye confections (linen) and sugar.

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