Centaurea cyanus

Names

Names

Scientific: Centaurea cyanus

English: Cornflower

Portuguese: Fidalguinhos

Origins

Origins

Family: Asteraceae

Origin: Europe

Life Cycle: Annual

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Centaurea-cyanus 02-Centaurea-cyanus 03-Centaurea-cyanus 04-Centaurea-cyanus 05-Centaurea-cyanus 06-Centaurea-cyanus 07-Centaurea-cyanus 08-Centaurea-cyanus 09-Centaurea-cyanus 10-Centaurea-cyanus 11-Centaurea-cyanus
Scientific NameCentaurea cyanus
English NameCornflower, bachelor's button, bluebottle, boutonniere flower, hurtsickle or cyani flower.
Portuguese NameFidalguinhos, ambreta, ciano, lóios, lóios-dos-jardins, loucos-dos-jardins e saudades.
German NameKornblume, Zyane.
FamilyAsteraceae
OriginEurope
HabitatCrop fields.
Life CycleAnnual
Preferences CultivationSun exposure, soil fertile and well-drained although adapts to poor and dry soils.
Method of propagationSowing - Sow in spring (April), but if you want the plant to flourish earlier you must sow in early autumn.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to August. H: 0,9 m, ᴓ 0,3 m
Description of smells and flavorsFlavor: when the leaves are eaten raw have a taste initially sweet and viscous, followed by a strong penetrating salty taste.
Properties MedicinalThe dried flowers have medicinal properties: antipruritic, diuretic, emmenagogue, purgative, digestive, laxative for children and tonic (it is believed that the plant has properties that treat ophthalmologic problems). Recovers and improves liver health.
Properties EdibilityThe flowers can be cooked or consumed fresh in salads, as well as the young shoots of the plant.
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsUnknown
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: flowers, leaves and shoots of the plant.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesFrom the dried flowers it is possible to get a blue ink that is used to dye confections (linen) and sugar.

If you found an error, highlight it and press Shift + Enter or click here to inform us.