Chamaemelum nobile

Names

Names

Scientific: Chamaemelum nobile

English: Chamomile

Portuguese: Macela-camomila

Origins

Origins

Family: Asteraceae

Origin: Western Europe, including Britain, from southern Belgium to the North Africa and the Azores.

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameChamaemelum nobile
English NameChamomile, roman chamomile, English chamomile, garden chamomile, ground apple, low chamomile e whig plant.
Portuguese NameMacela-camomila, camomila-de-Paris, camomila-romana, falsa-camomila, macela, macela-dourada, macela-flor, macela-galega, macela doirada, macela romana, maciela, magarcela, mançanilha, marcela, mazanilha, maçanela e maçanilha.
German NameRömische Kamille.
FamilyAsteraceae
OriginWestern Europe, including Britain, from southern Belgium to the North Africa and the Azores.
HabitatSandy soils and pasture.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationTolerates well-drained, sandy, sun exposure soils despite tolerate partial shade, drought tolerant and temperatures to about -15°C. Can be damaged in very wet and cold winters, but in spring to early summer will recover quickly. When growing in good conditions may become invasive, yet are easily controlled. If they grow next to other plants (especially cabbages, onions and a small quantity of wheat) promotes them health.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds ripen from July to October, sow in March. When the plants are large enough size, should be planted in pots and in the summer, should be transplanted to permanent locations. The division should be done in spring or Autumn. In the spring should be pruned at the base.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to July. H: 0.25 m, ᴓ 0,2 m
Description of smells and flavorsPungent, aromatic odour and a bitter flavour.
Properties Medicinaltreatment of various digestive problems, sedative and calming. Infusions are made from the flowers, these are analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, sedative, digestive, tonic and vasodilator. The plant is used to make lotions for external application recommended for the treatment of dental pain and neuralgia and ears. The German Commission E approves the use of Chamaemelum nobile for the treatment of cough, bronchitis, fever and colds, inflammation of the skin, mouth and pharynx, tendency to infections - improve immune, wounds and burns system.
Properties EdibilityFlavoring dishes. As a Tee and herbal tea: heating the temperature to about 90°C, leaving 3g / L in infusion for 5 minutes, strain and serve. Bright yellow reflects the sweet aroma reminiscent flowers, nectar and honey. Slightly sweet with notes of white pepper, mild flavor has a delicate and pleasant structure.
Properties OtherThe essential oil is used in aromatherapy. The infusion of the flowers is used as shampoo, especially applied to blonde hair. Used in perfumery.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsSide effects: the plant can produce contact dermatitis. Note: Do not confuse this plant (perennial) with Matricaria chamomilla which is annual and it is the genuine medicinal, but both can be used in an effective way.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves, stalks and flowers. Pruning: in the spring should be pruned at the base. Harvest: in summer, when the flowers are open and should not be kept for more than 12 months.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators. It has fungicidal properties and repels insects (in cool and dry condition).
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesSince the time of the ancient Egyptians, Chamomile is accepted as a medicinal plant recommended for stress and fatigue. These elders have dedicated the species to the sun god, Ra, due to the central flower color and curative powers against fevers and chills. Greek doctors also they appointed this plant as one of the most sacred manuscript Lacungna.

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