Dianthus caryophyllus

Names

Names

Scientific: Dianthus caryophyllus

English: Carnation

Portuguese: Cravinas

Origins

Origins

Family: Caryophyllaceae

Origin: Western Europe

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Dianthus-caryophyllus 02-Dianthus-caryophyllus
Scientific NameDianthus caryophyllus
English NameCarnation, gillyflower, clove pink.
Portuguese NameCravinas, craveiro, cravos-dos-poetas, cravinas-dos-jardins.
German NameLandnelke, Edel-Nelke.
FamilyCaryophyllaceae
OriginWestern Europe
HabitatFields, rock crevices and thickets (dry locations).
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationWell drained soil is well adapted to the pH of soils (saline and alkaline). Tolerates air pollution and maritime exposure. Sunlight and tolerates temperatures up to about -10°C. In humid climates can earn fungi.
Method of propagationSowing - seeds germinate between 2 to 3 weeks if the temperature be around 15°C. Planting in permanent locations shall be held by late spring or early summer, after the last frost.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering July to August. H: 0,4 m, ᴓ 0,2 m
Description of smells and flavorsSweet aroma.
Properties MedicinalIt is used as a stimulat. In Europe, it is prescribed traditionally as a sedative and to treat coronary diseases. It is considered that the flower has antispasmodic, diaphoretic, cardiotonic properties. In China, is used as a vermifuge.
Properties EdibilityThis species is used as a garnish in salads and for flavoring salads and fruit salads.
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsUnknown
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: flowers and leaves. Pruning: should be done around June / July and after flowering.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesIn perfumery, to extract 100 grams of essential oil are required 500 kg of flowers.

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