Echinacea purpurea

Names

Names

Scientific: Echinacea purpurea

English: Echinacea

Portuguese: Equinácea

Origins

Origins

Family: Asteraceae

Origin: North America

Life Cycle: Herbaceous perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameEchinacea purpurea
English NameEchinacea, American Cone Flower, Black Sampson, Comb Flower.
Portuguese NameEquinácea, Purpúra.
German NamePurpur-Sonnenhut, Roter Scheinsonnenhut.
FamilyAsteraceae
OriginNorth America
HabitatDry and open woodlands, fields and prairies.
Life CycleHerbaceous perennial
Preferences CultivationRich, deep, dry and clay soils. Sun exposure.
Method of propagationSowing - sow in March and April in the greenhouse. Variations in daytime temperatures favor germination succeeding between 10 to 21 days if the temperature hovering around 25°C. Plantations shall be made in late spring or early summer of the following year and before the plants are established in their permanent locations must be protected from slugs and snails. The division should be done in spring or fall and should be made permanent planting in the spring.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering July to August. H: 1 m, ᴓ 0,7 m
Description of smells and flavorsMild flavor.
Properties MedicinalIt is considered one of the best detoxifying for the circulatory, lymphatic and respiratory system plants. Stimulating. Heals wounds and burns, an activity similar to cortisone and has antibacterial properties. The infusion is used for the treatment of snake bites. The root has antiseptic properties, aphrodisiac, depurative, diaphoretic, digestive, sialogogue (causes secretion of saliva). The German Commission E approves the Echinacea as a medicinal plant, recommended it to internal use for the treatment of colds, chronic affections of the respiratory and urinary tract and externally as healing wounds and chronic ulcers.
Properties EdibilityHerbal tea: heating the water to 90°C, add 3 g/L in infusion for 5 minutes, strain and serve. The dea has a beautiful dark-yeallow color and it has a mild spicy aroma as white pepper with vegetable flavor.
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsUnknown
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: whole plant. Pruning: the month of July is the most suitable, if made at this time will give a second flowering in October/November.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe term "echinacea" comes from the Greek "echinos" and means urchin due to the pointed shape of the bracts. The species was used by Native American Indians who called it "ek-ih-nay-see-uh" as a universal application to treat snake bites and stings of all kinds of insects. The Sioux Indians recognized its potential as an antidote to anger, long before Pasteur. Native "Meskwakis" used the grated root as an antispasmodic and the Cheyenne chewed it during the ritual of the Sun Dance. In the Indian and early American settlers cultures, the plant was smoked in order to combat headaches and directed the smoke in the nostrils of horses to reassure angry.

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