Ilex aquifolium

Names

Names

Scientific: Ilex aquifolium

English: Holly

Portuguese: Azevinho

Origins

Origins

Family: Aquifoliaceae

Origin: Western and Central Europe

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Ilex-aquifolium 02-Ilex-aquifolium 03-Ilex-aquifolium 04-Ilex-aquifolium
Scientific NameIlex aquifolium
English NameHolly, common holly, English holly, European holly, Christmas holly.
Portuguese NameAzevinho, azevim, azevinheiro, pau-azevim, sombra-de-azevim.
German NameEuropäische Stechpalme, Gemeine Stechpalme, Holly.
FamilyAquifoliaceae
OriginWestern and Central Europe, including the Mediterranean area.
HabitatWell-drained soil: scrubland, hedgerows and woodland.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationDry and chalky soils, sun exposure, tolerate freezing temperatures to about -25°C.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds can take up to 18 months to germinate.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from April to June. Bush of slow grow and can live up to 100 years. H: 6 m, ᴓ 3 m
Description of smells and flavorsThe plant has no characteristic smell.
Properties MedicinalLeaves are diaphoretic (sweat production), expectorant, antipyretic and tonic. It can also be used to treat rheumatism, constipation and pleurisy. It has been very popular for the treatment of jaundice.
Properties EdibilityUnknown
Properties OtherOrnamental
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsPrecautions: the fruit (berries) contains saponins that are toxic, causing diarrhea and vomiting. In any case, the toxicity is low and only at high doses can cause problems. Children should avoid the berries.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?There are references to the use of this plant as attractive.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesProtected species in Portugal. Holly is one of the plants most used in Christmas decoration, it is believed that it is a custom from the time of the Romans because they used this plant on the feast of Saturnalia (Roman festival honoring the god Saturn that occurred in December). Interestingly, people from other parts of Europe, used holly as a gift to the spirits of the forest.

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