Iris x germanica ‘Florentina’

Names

Names

Scientific: Iris x germanica ‘Florentina’

English: Iris

Portuguese: Lírio florentino

Origins

Origins

Family: Iridaceae

Origin: Mediterranean Europe

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Iris-x-germania-var.-florentina 02-Iris-x-germania-var.-florentina 03-Iris-x-germania-var.-florentina
Scientific NameIris x germanica 'Florentina’
English NameIris, orris, German iris.
Portuguese NameLírio florentino, íris, íris de Florença, lírio de Florença, lírio cárdeno, lírio, lírio roxo dos montes, lírio-cárdeno, lírio, lírio cardano, lírio-germánico.
German NameDeutsche Schwertlilie, Ritter-Schwertlilie.
FamilyIridaceae
OriginMediterranean Europe
HabitatDried or rocky places.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationSolar or slightly shaded exposure, well-drained soils, grows best in dry soils.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds ripen from July to August, and should be sown at the beginning of the year, but is the division after flowering is preferred and can be performed in almost all times of the year. Planting in permanent locations shall be made in spring.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering in May. H: 6 m, ᴓ 3 m
Description of smells and flavorsThe dried root releases aromas similar to those of violets. When eaten fresh has no smell, but the taste is bitter.
Properties MedicinalThe dried root has diuretic, expectorant and digestive properties. It is used internally for treating cough, phlegm and diarrhea, is used externally to heal deep wounds. The juice of the fresh root is very effective in the treatment of dropsy.
Properties EdibilityThe root can be dried and used for flavoring food, can take several years to release its fragrance altogether.
Properties OtherOrnamental. The juice of the root is used in cosmetics and skin to remove freckles.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsSide effects: especially the leaves and rhizomes contain a resinous substance irritating (irisina) when ingested can cause gastric disorders, as well as cause irritation and allergy when contacted with sensitive skin.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: root. Harvest: late summer to early autumn.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?There are references to the use of this plant as attractive or repellent.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesIn Greek mythology, Iris was the goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. The plant decorated the graves of women as a symbol of hope that the goddess would guide the souls to peaceful locations. Egypt corresponds to the symbol of life.

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