Juniperus communis

Names

Names

Scientific: Juniperus communis

English: Juniper

Portuguese: Zimbro

Origins

Origins

Family: Cupressaceae

Origin: Temperate Northern Hemisphere

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameJuniperus communis
English NameJuniper, common juniper.
Portuguese NameZimbro, junípero, zimbrão, zimbrão-anão, zimbro-comum, zimbro-rasteiro, zimbro-vulgar.
German Name Gemeine Wacholder, Heide-Wacholder.
FamilyCupressaceae
OriginTemperate Northern Hemisphere.
HabitatSlopes, fences, dry soils and often on rocky limestone soils, temperate and subtropical.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationSandy and dry soils. The plant is tolerant to temperature variations.
Method of propagationSowing - Spring. Cuttings: late spring to early summer. Dioecious species (the plant is separated by gender: there is the male plant and female plant)
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from May to June. H: 1.5 m, ᴓ 1 m
Description of smells and flavorsBitter.
Properties MedicinalThe medical use of the berries was discontinued but was prescribed to urinary tract infections and to treat diabetes.
Properties EdibilityDried berries are used to flavor sauces, meats, salads, pâtés. The berries are also used in making gin and other alcoholic beverages. As an herbal tea, reveals spicy aromas. The stems and leaves are also used for herbal tea.
Properties OtherThe essential oil is used in perfumery.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsWhen the berries are consumed in excess, can induce renal toxicity. It should not be consumed during pregnancy or if you have kidney disease. The consumption should not exceed 4 to 6 weeks.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: berries, leaves and stems. Harvest: Autumn.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Unknown
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesNative Americans used the berries as a female contraceptive. When there was some epidemis, it was tradition to burn some branches of the plant in order to purify the air.

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