Myrtus communis

Names

Names

Scientific: Myrtus communis

English: Myrtus, myrtle

Portuguese: Murta-comum

Origins

Origins

Family: Myrtaceae

Origin: Southern Europe, Mediterranean region, Central Asia and Middle East

Life Cycle: Perennial

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility
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Scientific NameMyrtus communis
English NameMyrtus, myrtle.
Portuguese NameMurta-comum, murta-ordinária, murteira, murtinho, mirto, mirta, murta, murta-cheirosa, murtinheiro, murta-das-noivas.
German NameMyrte, Brautmyrte, Gemeine Myrte.
FamilyMyrtaceae
OriginSouthern Europe, Mediterranean region, Central Asia and Middle East.
HabitatShredders.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationWell-drained soil. Loamy/clayey and sandy soils. Sun exposure.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds should be soaked in water for 24 h, and sown in spring or early summer.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to October. H: 2,5 m, ᴓ 2,5 m
Description of smells and flavorsAromatic.
Properties MedicinalIn traditional medicine, the herbal tea of the fruit is considered diuretic. The alcoholic maceration of the leaves is used to alleviate the symptoms of cough and bronchitis and to assist in solving problems of the digestive tract. The infusion of the leaves and berries have antiseptic properties in treating wounds. he plant is also prescribed for external use for treating wounds and hemorrhoids. The essential oil is used in the treatment of acne. The consumption of the plant is recommended to treat urinary problems.
Properties EdibilityThe dried flowers are used in salads and garnishes. The leaves and berries aromatize meat dishes.
Properties OtherOrnamental, potpourris, bridal bouquets and essential oil.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsUnknown
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves, flowers and berries. Pruning: spring.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesIn the 17th century, scented water obtained from the flowers was very famous, known as "Angel Water" or "Myrtle Water".

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