Ocimum basilicum ‘Purpurascens’

Names

Names

Scientific: Ocimum basilicum ‘Purpurascens’

English: Sweet basil

Portuguese: Manjericão

Origins

Origins

Family: Lamiaceae

Origin: Southeast Asia and New Guinea

Life Cycle: Annual

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameOcimum basilicum 'Purpurascens'
English NameSweet basil.
Portuguese NameManjericão, alfádega, alfavaca, basílico, erva-real, manjerico, manjericão-de-folha-grande.
German NameBasilikum.
FamilyLamiaceae
OriginSoutheast Asia and New Guinea.
HabitatTropical and humid climate.
Life CycleAnnual
Preferences CultivationPrefers rich, well-drained soil, sun exposure but requires a sheltered position from direct light. It adapts well to hot temperatures and tropical climates. Good companion of tomato, but his good growth is jeopardized when accompanied rue and sage, growth next raspberries may delay fruiting.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds ripen in September and should be sown in late spring in a greenhouse. Germination tends to be fast and to gain sufficient size, must remain in pots. The placement in permanent locations shall be after the last frost.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering August to September. H: 0,6 m, ᴓ 0,4 m
Description of smells and flavorsAromatic and fresh.
Properties MedicinalAntibacterial, antidepressant, anti rheumatic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, galactagogue, ophthalmic, tonic and stimulates appetite. Operates mainly in the digestive system - carminative, stomach cramps, colic and indigestion - and nervous. The leaves and flowers from the top are antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, tonic and galactogogo (particularly the stomach). Internally, this febrile diseases (eg influenza), difficult digestion, nausea, abdominal cramps, gastroenteritis, insomnia, migraines, depression and exhaustion. Externally, they are used to treat acne, hyposmia (partial loss of sense of smell), insect bites, snake bites and skin infections. The seed mucilage is given by infusion for the treatment of gonorrhea, chronic diarrhea and dysentery. The root is used to treat intestinal problems of children. The plant extracts are bactericidal and effective against intestinal parasites. In Chinese medicine is used to treat kidney disease and ulcers. Are used in Indian medicine for rheumatoid arthritis, anorexia, itching, menstrual problems and malaria.
Properties EdibilityThe leaves are typically used fresh but they can also be eaten dried. The seeds can be consumed and added to bread dough. It is common to add to the salad mozzarella cheese and tomato. When soaked in water, it becomes mucilaginous, one can make a refreshing drink called "sherbet tokhum" in the Mediterranean region. Hot, spicy and with notes of mint and anise flavor, basil is the natural companion of tomatoes, whether in salads, sauces or soups. Also try it on chicken, mushrooms and fish. Combine chives, coriander, marjoram, mint, rosemary and thyme. Note: When cooking, use the leaves sparingly because heat concentrates the flavor. Herbal Tea: heat the water to about 85°C, add 3 g/L of plant and wait 7 minutes, strain and serve. The tea has a very soft and spicy aromatic notes. Serve with dessert.
Properties OtherThe essential oil collected from the whole plant is used in perfumery, aromatherapy and spice. The oil applied to the skin functions as a mosquito repellent.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsContraindications: The essential oil should not be prescribed by via internal during pregnancy, breastfeeding, children under six years or patients with intestinal problems and neurological diseases. Side effects: The essential oil when applied externally in non-therapeutic doses is irritating to mucous membranes and internally neurotoxic. 
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves and flowering luminaries.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators and repels insects.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe name "basil" comes from Greek and means king. Is believed to have been born of this plant a foot in place of the Cross of Christ, so that the Greek Orthodox churches have been using it in the preparation of holy water. The species is also used in bath water and medicine. In Italy, the species symbolizes love, so the young lovers adorned the hair of loved ones with sprigs. In Mexico, people kept some leaves in his pockets and hope that the person that they love, reciprocate your love forever. In Romania, when a man offered a twig to his girlfriend, became officially engaged.

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