Perilla frutescens ‘Purpurascens’

Names

Names

Scientific: Perilla frutescens ‘Purpurascens’

English: Shiso, perilla

Portuguese: Shiso, perila-roxa

Origins

Origins

Family: Lamiaceae

Origin: East Asia

Life Cycle: Annual

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Perilla-frutescens-var.-purpurascens 02-Perilla-frutescens-var.-purpurascens 03-Perilla-frutescens-var.-purpurascens 04-Perilla-frutescens-var.-purpurascens 05-Perilla-frutescens-var.-purpurascens 06-Perilla-frutescens-var.-purpurascens
Scientific NamePerilla frutescens 'Purpurascens'
English NameShiso, perilla.
Portuguese NameShiso, perila-roxa.
German NamePerilla, Shiso, Kkaennip, Sesamblatt, Schwarznessel.
FamilyLamiaceae
OriginEast Asia.
HabitatHills and mountains, fertile soils. Sun exposure.
Life CycleAnnual
Preferences CultivationWell-drained but not necessarily fertile soil, sunlight and temperatures above 18ºC.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds ripen from 3 in 3 months, but its viability is short, being less than one year. The seed should be in the spring and the seeds germinate best when the temperature hovering around 20°C and plantations for permanent location should be at the beginning of summer. The plant may become invasive.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from July to August. H: 0,7 m, ᴓ 0,3 m
Description of smells and flavorsVaries from person to person between the flavor of cinnamon, coriander and citrus.
Properties MedicinalAntiasthmatic, antibacterial, antidote, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitussive, carminative, diaphoretic, emoliante, expectorant and tonic. The leaves are used in the treatment of congestion, abdominal pain and colds and their juice is used for the treatment of cuts and wounds. The seeds are recommended for the treatment of asthma, nausea, influenza, bronchitis and allergic reactions and food poisoning.
Properties EdibilityOlder leaves are used to preserve fruit. The essential oil is used to flavor foods and toothpastes.
Properties OtherContraindications: Pregnant women should avoid this plant.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsUnknown
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: flowers, leaves, seeds and oil. Pruning: cut leaves and older stems.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Unknown
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe species is native to China and was brought to Japan in the 8th Century AD Initially the seeds of the plant were used to make oil for lamps, but later came to be replaced with cheaper oils. Currently it is used in Japanese cuisine.

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