Petroselinum crispum ‘Crispum’

Names

Names

Scientific: Petroselinum crispum ‘Crispum’

English: Parsley

Portuguese: Salsa-crispada

Origins

Origins

Family: Apiaceae

Origin: Mediterranean Europe

Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NamePetroselinum crispum 'Crispum'
English NameParsley, Italian parsley, Hamburg parsley, turnip-rooted parsley.
Portuguese NameSalsa-crispada, salsa, salsinha, perrexil.
German NamePetersilie, Petersil.
FamilyApiaceae
OriginMediterranean Europe.
HabitatGrassy waste places on walls and rocks (calcareous soils).
Life CycleAnnual / Biennial
Preferences CultivationPrefers fertile, moist, well drained soils, developing well in the sun or semi-shade and even as a houseplant. Likes to be well watered in summer Sensitive to frost.
Method of propagationSowing - in mid spring or late summer.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to August. H: 0,3 m, ᴓ 0,3 m
Description of smells and flavorsAromatic and fresh, the aroma is very characteristic of this species.
Properties MedicinalSource of vitamins (A, B and C) and minerals, diuretic, antidandruff, antispasmodic, stomachic, carminative, depurative, detoxifier, Expectorant, digestive, diuretic, tonic and emmenagogue. It is recommended for treating jaundice, dropsy (serous accumulation in tissue or a body cavity), cystitis (bacterial infection in the bladder or lower urinary tract), aperient (urging appetite), galactofuge (stops or reduces the flow of milk in a nursing mother), odontalgic, ophthalmic, poultice, skin and stings.
Properties Edibilitythe leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Raw in salads, as a garnish or added to the onion and olive oil to taste to serve on, inter alia, grilled fish. The plant can be eaten fresh or dried and to make tea.
Properties OtherOrnamental, 'bouquet garni' component and essential oil.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsSide effects: Excessive contact with the plant may lead to skin inflammation and poisoning. Consumption of fruit parsley should be avoided during pregnancy (may cause abortion) or if, suffers from kidney problems.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themSeptoria (Septoria lycopersici), flea beetles, leafhoppers, tarnished plant bugs, fungal diseases in winter.
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves. Pruning: end of flowering. Harvest: The leaves can be harvested any time, but it is recommended that the harvest is before the flower blooms. Harvesting frequently induces greater production.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators and  good companion plant to other plants (carrots, roses, tomatoes...).
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe curly Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a distinct variety of the common parsley, for having the very lacy leaves, giving it a very ornamental character, either in the garden or on the plate!. The ancient Greeks believed that parsley sprang from the blood of Archemorus (forerunner of death) and as such, they could not eat it, being merely ornamental (used to make wreaths to adorn the dead).

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