Ricinus communis

Names

Names

Scientific: Ricinus communis

English: Castor bean, castor oil plant

Portuguese: Mamona, rícino

Origins

Origins

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Origin: Northeastern Africa to Middle East

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

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Scientific NameRicinus communis
English NameCastor bean, castor oil plant.
Portuguese NameMamona, rícino.
German NameWunderbaum.
FamilyEuphorbiaceae
OriginNortheastern Africa to Middle East.
HabitatTemperate and warm climates.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationPrefers fertile, moist, well drained soils, developing well in the sun or semi-shade and even as a houseplant. Likes to be well watered in summer. Sensitive to frost.
Method of propagationSowing - spring. Pollinated by wind.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to October. H: 3 m, ᴓ 1,5
Description of smells and flavorsThe aroma is unpleasant.
Properties MedicinalLaxative, purgative, antitussive and expectorant.
Properties EdibilityOil obtained from the seeds is used for cooking (35 to 55% of the seed is oil).
Properties OtherOrnamental.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsContraindications: The whole plant is toxic (one seed is enough to be lethal to children). Side effects: Contact with plant foliage may cause allergic skin reactions.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themPests: Spider mites may appear.
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: oil.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Unknown
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe main producers of castor bean are: India (74%), China (13%), Brazil (6.1%) and Mozambique, the main consumers: China , United States, France, Germany and Japan.

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