Rosmarinus officinalis

Names

Names

Scientific: Rosmarinus officinalis

English: Rosemary

Portuguese: Alecrim

Origins

Origins

Family: Lamiaceae

Origin: Mediterranean Europe

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameRosmarinus officinalis
English NameRosemary.
Portuguese NameAlecrim, alecrinzeiro, alecrizeiro, alecrim-da-terra, rosmano, rosmaninho.
German NameRosmarin.
FamilyLamiaceae
OriginMediterranean Europe.
HabitatMediterranean, spontaneous in coastal heaths and shrublands.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationSunlight, high temperatures and alkaline soils. If the plant is in calcareous soils tend to be more aromatic, tolerates maritime exposure and dry soils. Resistant to temperatures of around -15°C, so should be protected in winter. Tolerant to pruning, the plant can reborn the most aged branches.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds ripen from August to October and should be sown in the spring, you can still make cuttings and transplanted in autumn or spring.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from March to October. H: 1,5 m, ᴓ 1 m
Description of smells and flavorsAroma vinegar and camphor.
Properties MedicinalPromotes appetite and fight anorexia. This plant is also used in cases of digestive disorders (such as flatulence and slow digestion) particularly when originated by hepatobiliary changes. Antiseptic properties (due to camphor), analgesic, astringent, diaphoretic (inducing sweat production) hypotensive, sedative and neuralgia. Combat cough, urinary and respiratory infections, anti-spasmodic in digestive problems, soothing, hypotensive and osteoarticular inflammation. A florida aerial part is used to combat restlessness, anxiety, agitation and insomnia. The hydroalcoholic lotions leaves are used to fight dandruff, baldness and to darken the hair. In the form of an ointment or lotion as adjuvant rheumatic diseases, grooves and seborrheic dermatitis. In balneotherapy, rosemary activates the circulatory and nervous system also treats muscle and joint rheumatism. External use: stimulating the peripheral circulation and anti-inflammatory.
Properties EdibilitySeasoning meat dishes, cheeses, etc.. Strongly aromatic, hot and spicy, with notes of pine and camphor, rosemary has a bit understated flavor. Use it in marinades and baked goods, but also dare to use it in breads and sweets. Combine with mint, sage, thyme or oregano.
Properties OtherNone.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsContraindications: Not recommended for pregnant or lactating women, children under six years old, as well as neurological diseases accompanied by tremors or convulsions. In high doses can cause gastrointestinal irritation, nephritis, poisoning, skin irritation, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: Leaves and stems. Pruning: before flowering.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Planted with plants that are attacked by these aphids protects them. The branches of fresh rosemary placed between clothing prevent moths.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesUsed in beekeeping. In studies of ancient Greece, it was discovered that the inhabitants used it over the head to improve memory. On the old continent, has a belief put rosemary sprigs under pillows to afuguentar evil spirits besides being used in ceremonies by the brides to promote love and fidelity, is still used at funerals to ensure remembrance. The species symbolizes friendship and loyalty. It is said that "if a rosemary bush grows vigorously in the garden, the woman is the head of the house.". Warning: The Portuguese must take care not to confuse with the "rosemary" (lavender) (Lavandula sp.) because of gender affinity of rosemary, Rosmarinus.

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