Ruta graveolens

Names

Names

Scientific: Ruta graveolens

English: Rue

Portuguese: Arruda

Origins

Origins

Family: Rutaceae

Origin: Mediterranean Europe

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Ruta-graveolens 02-Ruta-graveolens 03-Ruta-graveolens
Scientific NameRuta graveolens
English NameRue.
Portuguese NameArruda, arruda-fétida, arruda-de-França, arruda-dos-jardins, erva-das-bruxas, ruda.
German NameWeinraute.
FamilyRutaceae
OriginMediterranean Europe.
HabitatArid and dry land.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationAdapts to any soil but prefers a dry, poor soils, well-drained, sun exposure or partially shaded and tolerates temperatures down to about -10°C.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds ripen from August to October. Can put in pots and in permanent locations at any time of the year.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to September. H: 0,5 m, ᴓ 0,3 m
Description of smells and flavorsVery intense aroma and pungent, the taste is bitter.
Properties MedicinalAbortive, treats diarrhea, anti-inflammatory, carminative, emetic, emmenagogue, expectorant, homeopathy, ophthalmic, stimulant and tonic. Traditionally used to strengthen the eyes. The infusion is recommended for the treatment of cough and has carminative effect. The juice of the plant is used to treat headaches and palpitations
Properties EdibilityIt is used in some countries, for flavoring food.
Properties OtherThe essential oil from the leaves is used in perfumery and for flavoring meals.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsContraindications: Due to the phototoxic effects, the essential oil should not be used by internal means, this same action can also cause dermatitis. Or topically to children under six years. Pregnant women should avoid prolonged intake or exceeding therapeutic doses because they have a stimulating effect on the uterus may induce abortion. The plant, when consumed in high doses is toxic.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves and flowering luminaries. Pruning: cut the woods from previous year between July and August
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Repels aphids, so it is often planted near roses and raspberries. Adult plant deters cats.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesPliny the Elder, reported that the painters of his era ate leaves of rue aiming to improve vision. Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo said the "magical powers" rue favored their creative abilities. Another curious and mysterious myth of Europe is the relationship rue the "Vinegar of the four thieves". It is said that in the seventeenth century, Europe was hit by a disease that victimized hundreds of people a week, whose cure was unknown to signal the infected houses were marked large red crosses on the walls thereof. However, these crosses do not plagued thieves, who seemed immune to the disease, only much later that it was discovered their form of protection: a mixture of wine vinegar with rue, sage, wormwood, mint, lavender, rosemary, camphor , garlic, nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon. In the villages of Portugal is very common to plant this species in the garden or in the garden to ward off Gobbo (Devil).

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