Salvia officinalis ‘Icterina’

Names

Names

Scientific: Salvia officinalis ‘Icterina’

English: Sage

Portuguese: Salva

Origins

Origins

Family: Lamiaceae

Origin: Originally from the Mediterranean (Europe) and acclimatized in Europe and North America

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

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Scientific NameSalvia officinalis 'Icterina'
English NameSage, garden sage, common sage.
Portuguese NameSalva, salva-comum, salva-das-boticas, salva-rubra.
German NameEchte Salbei, Garten-Salbei, Küchensalbei, Heilsalbei.
FamilyLamiaceae
OriginOriginally from the Mediterranean (Europe) and acclimatized in Europe and North America.
HabitatSunny and dry lands.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationWell drained, sandy soils, developing well in the sun or semi-shade and even as a houseplant. The plant prefers sandy soils and does not require much water (excess water can induce root rot and consequently the death of the plant). Resistant to frost.
Method of propagationSowing - Propagation can be performed by plating between March and April (spring) and it will emerge after two or three weeks. The cuttings is also possible throughout the year.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering August to September. H: 1,2 m, ᴓ 0,3 m
Description of smells and flavorsAroma: strong and aromatic but the taste is bitter.
Properties MedicinalThe main plant acknowledgments indicate that acts as a carminative, antibacterial, antiperspirant, antispasmodic, astringent (causes constriction of tissues and secretions decreases) antibiotic and antiseptic. It is recommended as a general tonic. Salvia is calming the central nervous system and consequently reduces anxiety, can relieve spasms of smooth muscle tissue and skeletal, is stimulating and improves digestive problems. As the sage contains estrogenic substances, promotes menstruation. The plant can enhance insulin action and be useful in the treatment of non-insulin dependent diabetes, as this reduces the levels of blood sugar and helps bile flow. The infusion especially used in China has antioxidant properties and is rich in calcium, provides potassium, magnesium, zinc and vitamin C. Properties of cold infusion: astringent, diuretic, reduces night sweats in menopausal women and the flow of milk in women who are breastfeeding. Properties of the hot infusion: expectorant, antibacterial (useful in the treatment of gingivitis, to gargle in case of pharyngitis and for treatment of ulcers, wounds and insect bites), relieves colds and flu. A strong infusion (high concentration of sage) can darken the color and reduce hair fall.
Properties EdibilityFresh or dried leaves in salads and for flavoring dishes. As a Herbal Tea: to 500ml of boiling water, add two or three dessert spoons (10ml each) of sage leaves in a glass or porcelain container. Slap the mixture and allowed to stand for 10 to 15 minutes. The infusion can be consumed hot or cold up to three cups per day.
Properties OtherOrnamental.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsContraindications: during pregnancy should avoid the consumption of Sage, with the exception of using small dosages to cooking. Breastfeeding women should avoid consumption of such plant, unless during weaning. People with epilepsy should avoid eating the plant because it contains thujone which can trigger seizures. The use of essential oil should not exceed two weeks in order to avoid the accumulation of the compounds. Side effects: Although there are no records of side effects caused by the plant, it is recommended to pay attention because it can interfere with iron absorption.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themSnails.
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves and stems. Pruning: Must be pruned throughout the year in order to prevent premature aging and stimulate new shoots. Harvest: harvesting is performed as soon as the plant begins to bloom in the second year.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe Latin name "sage" means "to heal". Recent studies show that may retard the aging process and be used successfully in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

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