Sambucus nigra

Names

Names

Scientific: Sambucus nigra

English: Elder

Portuguese: Sabugueiro

Origins

Origins

Family: Adoxaceae

Origin: Europe, Africa and West Asia

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameSambucus nigra
English NameElder, elderberry, black elder, European elder, European elderberry, European black elderberry.
Portuguese NameSabugueiro, sabugueirinho, sabugueiro-negro.
German NameSchwarze Holunder.
FamilyAdoxaceae
OriginEurope, Africa and West Asia.
HabitatWoods and forests.
Life CyclePerennial
Preferences CultivationWell drained, sandy soils, developing well in the sun or semi-shade and even as a houseplant. The plant prefers sandy soils and does not require much water (excess water can induce root rot and consequently the death of the plant). Resistant to frost.
Method of propagationSowing - must be sown after seed maturation (autumn).
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering June to July. H: 6 m, ᴓ 6 m
Description of smells and flavorsAromatic and sweet.
Properties MedicinalIncreases bronchial secretion, sweating and is antipyretic. Treatment of cold, flu and cough. Was externally applied to wounds to reduce swelling and speed healing. The daily dose of elderberry typically range from 10 to 15 grams divided into three doses and orally (usually liquid extract or infusion).
Properties EdibilityHerbal Tea: heat the water but do not allow to boil, add 3 g/L of elderberry flowers in a glass or porcelain container (wait 5 minutes). Drain the plant material and serve. The herbal tea should be consumed hot.
Properties OtherOrnamental.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsSide effects: rare. In rare cases, abdominal discomfort or allergic reaction may occur.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: whole plant, but the principal are the flowers and the berries. Pruning: after flowering. Harvest: during the flowering.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThroughout history, the plant was recommended for the treatment of liver diseases, renal disorders, rheumatism, insomnia, measles, asthma, toothache and headache, syphilis and laryngitis.

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