Stachys officinalis

Names

Names

Scientific: Stachys officinalis

English: Betony

Portuguese: Betónica

Origins

Origins

Family: Lamiaceae

Origin: Europe

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Stachys-officinalis 02-Stachys-officinalis 03-Stachys-officinalis 04-Stachys-officinalis 05-Stachys-officinalis 06-Stachys-officinalis 07-Stachys-officinalis 08-Stachys-officinalis 09-Stachys-officinalis
Scientific NameStachys officinalis
English NameBetony, purple betony, wood betony, bishopwort, bishop's wort.
Portuguese NameBetónica.
German NameEchte Betonie, Heil-Ziest, Flohblume, Pfaffenblume, Zahnkraut, Zehrkraut.
FamilyLamiaceae
OriginEurope.
Preferences CultivationGrassland, hedgerows and woodland.
Life CyclePerennial
HabitatSun exposure, moist soils of neutral to acid, withstands temperatures down to about -25°C.
Method of propagationSowing - the seeds ripen from July to October and should be semadas the spring. Sow in individual and when the plants reach sufficiently large sized vessels is to be transplanted, the height of summer. The plant can be divided successfully, at any time of year.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to September. H: 0,8 m, ᴓ 0,5 m
Description of smells and flavorsUnknown
Properties MedicinalCurrently, it is widely used as a medicinal, being harvested especially for mixing with other plants. Formerly it was mainly used as a sedative, tonic for the treatment of diseases of the head and externally for application to wounds. Stimulates the digestive system and liver, is antiseptic, astringent, carminative (anti flatulence), laxative, digestive, diuretic, mildly emetic (induces vomiting), expetorante, has sedative and vermifuge properties (expulsion of intestinal worms). It is also applied to treat tired eyes, premenstrual pain, memory loss / impaired memory and voltage. The betony can be consumed mixed with Symphytum officinale (comfrey or consolidates), lime flowers and varied species of lime in the treatment of headaches and congestion. You can still be consumed with Achillea millefolium (yarrow) to stop the nosebleed.
Properties EdibilityUnknown
Properties OtherNone
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsContraindications: Do not use during pregnancy. Doses higher than the therapeutic action of the tannins can aggravate digestive symptoms such as nausea and vomiting in cases of peptic ulcer disease.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: leaves and flowers. Harvest: The plant is fully harvested in summer.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe name "Stachys" derives from Greek and means "ear of grain" and refers to the fact that the shape of the inflorescence. The name "betony" derives from the Celtic and means "good for the head."

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