Stevia rebaudiana

Names

Names

Scientific: Stevia rebaudiana

English: Stevia, rebiana

Portuguese: Stévia, Estévia

Origins

Origins

Family: Asteraceae

Origin: South America (Brazil and Paraguay)

Life Cycle: Annual / biennial (in colder climates). Perennial in countries of origin.

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
01-Stevia-rebaudiana-Morita 02-Stevia-rebaudiana-Morita 03-Stevia-rebaudiana-Morita 04-Stevia-rebaudiana-Morita 05-Stevia-rebaudiana-Morita 06-Stevia-rebaudiana-Morita
Scientific NameStevia rebaudiana
English NameStevia, rebiana, sweet leaf of Paraguay, sweetleaf, sweetherb, honey leaf.
Portuguese NameStévia, stevia, estévia.
German NameSüßkraut, Süßblatt, Honigkraut.
FamilyAsteraceae
OriginSouth America (Brazil and Paraguay).
Preferences CultivationSubtropical.
Life CycleAnnual / biennial (in colder climates). Perennial in countries of origin.
HabitatIt supports low temperatures (growth difficulties to temperatures below 9°C). Short-day plant compulsory. Critical day 13 hours (high variability within species). Preferably textured soils frank the sandy loam. Favorable pH between 5.5 and 7.5. Sensitive plant to waterlogging. Stevia is usually associated with organic production.
Method of propagationSowing - propagate by cuttings. Produces little and has reduced seed germination rate (<50%). 1 m² of plants produce seed for 200 m². The initial growth from seed is slow. The most common system of reproduction is by vegetative propagation.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering in spring. H: 0,5 m, ᴓ 0,9 m
Description of smells and flavorsSweet. The extracts steviol glycosides have a sweetness 250 to 300 times greater than sucrose. They are heat stable, pH-stable and non-fermentable.
Properties MedicinalAnti hyperglycemic, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antidiarrheal, diuretic.
Properties EdibilityThe leaves can be eaten fresh or made into herbal teas, food and pastries.
Properties OtherOrnamental.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsUnknown
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: Leaves. Pruning: as no commercial value, withdrawing only the vegetative apex to break apical dominance. Harvest: Cut the aerial stems with pruning shears (hand pruners), before flowering. The first cut may be made ??2.5 to 3 months after transplantation. Subsequent cuts are made at intervals of between 1.5 to 2 months.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Unknown
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesStevia was historically used to sweeten tea by the Guarani tribe of South America. For hundreds of years, native Brazilians and Paraguayans have also used the leaves of the plant as a sweetening agent. Europeans discovered stevia in the 16th century, whereas North American researchers began investigating its sweetening properties in the 20th century. In Japan is used as a sweetener since 1971 (representing 40% of the market for sweeteners). Japan produces stevia and is the world's largest consumer (2013/2014). The United States was authorized as a food additive in 2008. In 2011 consumption of stevia has been authorized in the European Union.

If you found an error, highlight it and press Shift + Enter or click here to inform us.