Thymus vulgaris

Names

Names

Scientific: Thymus vulgaris

English: Common thyme

Portuguese: Tomilho, timo

Origins

Origins

Family: Lamiaceae

Origin: Mediterranean region

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameThymus vulgaris
English NameCommon thyme, German thyme, garden thyme, thyme.
Portuguese NameTomilho, timo.
German NameEchter Thymian, Römischer Quendel, Kuttelkraut, Gartenthymian.
FamilyLamiaceae
OriginMediterranean region.
Preferences CultivationDry stony slopes.
Life CyclePerennial
HabitatSunlight and light, well-drained calcareous soils. Thymes dislike wet conditions, especially in the winter. Companion plants: Purple sage, Catmint and Rosemary.
Method of propagationSow in spring or in autumn in a greenhouse. Cuttings of young shoots in late spring or early summer. Division in spring or autumn.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from May to June. H 0,1 m, ᴓ 0,3 m
Description of smells and flavorsPungent, aromatic, spicy, unique and characteristic of the plant.
Properties MedicinalAntiseptic and disinfectant.
Properties EdibilityThe leaves are used to flavor flavor poultry, vegetables or fruit.
Properties OtherOrnamental.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsSide effects: when consumed internally, it may cause liver damage.
Pests and diseases & how to fight themSusceptible to powdery mildew and root rot that appear when excess irrigation.
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: Leaves and stems. Pruning: if growth is very vigorous, it is advisable to prune frequently, but take care because very flush cutting cause plant death. Harvest: the plant can be harvested at any time of the year.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators and beneficial insects.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesThe name derives from the Greek "thymus" which means "courage."  In the temples of ancient Greece was used as incense, which represented the symbol of grace and elegance. Was on the list of ingredients used by the Egyptians for embalming and mummifying bodies. In ancient Rome, soldiers bathed in thyme, to acquire courage.

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