Valeriana officinalis

Names

Names

Scientific: Valeriana officinalis

English: Valerian

Portuguese: Valeriana

Origins

Origins

Family: Valerianaceae

Origin: Europe (except the Mediterranean region), the Caucasus and West Asia

Life Cycle: Perennial

Properties

Properties

Aroma
Medicinal
Edibility

Parts Used

Parts Used

See Here
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Scientific NameValeriana officinalis
English NameValerian,  garden valerian, garden heliotrope, all-heal, cut-heal, english valerian, great wild valerian, hardy heliotrope, vandal root.
Portuguese NameValeriana, valeriana-das-boticas, valeriana-selvagem.
German NameEchter Baldrian.
FamilyValerianaceae
OriginEurope (except the Mediterranean region), the Caucasus and West Asia. Naturalized in other regions, including Southern Europe, USA and Japan.
Preferences CultivationDry stony slopes and dry grassland.
Life CyclePerennial
HabitatGrassland.
Method of propagationSow and division in spring.
Ornamental CharacteristicsFlowering from June to September. H 1,5 m, ᴓ 1 m
Description of smells and flavorsPungent, aromatic, spicy, unique and characteristic of the plant.
Properties MedicinalSedative, relaxing properties, improve sleep quality and reduce blood pressure. Treatment of painful menstruation, cramps, irritable bowel syndrome and hypertension. Externally, it is used to treat eczema, ulcers and minor injuries.
Properties EdibilityThe essential oil obtained from leaves and root is used as a flavouring in ice cream and baked goods.
Properties OtherOrnamental.
Contraindications / Side Effects / CommentsSide effects:  It is said that prolonged medicinal use of this plant can lead to addiction (treatment should not exceed 3 months).
Pests and diseases & how to fight themUnknown
How and When to harvest and / or pruning and which parts used. How many cuts per year?Parts used: Seeds and root. Harvest: The roots of two years old plants are harvested in the autumn once the leaves have died down and are used fresh or dried.
Can be used in intercropping ( repellent / attractive ) or is biopesticide?Attracts pollinators and beneficial insects.
Curiosity / Personal ExperiencesIt is noted especially for its effect as a tranquilliser and nervine (prolonged medicinal use of this plant can lead to addiction).

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