Top 10 most produced crops in the world

Top 10 most produced crops in the world
20/01/2015 Margarida Moreira

1. Sugarcane – Annual Production 2012: 1,842,266,284 m / t. The various species of cane-sugar (Saccharum spp.) are from Southeast Asia and belong to the Poaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in Brazil, India and China. The cane sugar is especially consumed on the form of sugar, but is also used in the production of alcohol and alcoholic beverages, alcohol fuel (ethanol) and biodiesel.

 2. Maize (mature corn) – Annual Production 2012: 872,791,597 m / t. Corn (Zea mays) is from the nearby islands of Mexico (Gulf of Mexico) and belongs to the Poaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in United States of America, China and Brazil. Corn is especially used in food in flour, whole grains and as a sweetener. The corn does not contain gluten such as wheat. The grain is also provided to animals as feed ration.

3. Rice, paddy – Annual Production 2012: 738,187,642 m / t. There are two varieties of paddy rice: Oryza sativa (Asian) and Oryza glaberrima (African), belonging to the Poaceae family. The Chinese were the first to cultivate rice. This crop is mainly produced in China, India and Indonesia. Rice is especially used in food, in flours and cereal flakes.

4. Wheat – Annual Production 2012: 671,496,872 m / t. Wheat (Triticum spp.) is from the Middle East and member of the Poaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in India, China and United States of America. Wheat is especially used in food and in the production of beer. The grain contains gluten. The cereal is one of the constituents of some food rations provided to animals and is grown as fodder – plants produced and harvested for animal feed or the lining of the space where the animal sleeps.

5. Potatoes – Annual Production 2012: 365,365,367 m / t. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) comes from Andes and belongs to the Solanaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in China, India and United States of America. The potato is essentially used in food as a source of carbohydrate.

6. Sugar beet – Annual Production 2012: 269,825,230 m / t. The beet (Beta vulgaris) is from Europe and belongs to the Amaranthaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in Russian Federation, France and United States of America. The beet is especially used in food as a source of sucrose in sugar, alcohol and biobutanol.

 7. Cassava – Annual Production 2012: 269,125,963 m / t. The cassava (Manihot esculenta) comes from South America and belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in Nigeria, Thailand and Indonesia. Cassava is especially used in food as a source of carbohydrate, in manioc flour and production alcoholic beverages.

 8. Soybeans – Annual Production 2012: 241,142,197 m / t. Soybean (Glycine max) is from the East Asia and belongs to the Fabaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in United States of America, Brazil and Argentina. Soybeans are mainly used for human consumption, in the form of vegetable oil, flour and as infant formula.

9. Tomatoes – Annual Production 2012: 161,793,834 m / t. The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) comes from the South American Andes and belongs to the Solanaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in China, India and United States of America. Tomato is mainly consumed as fruit (vegetable) in the salad and as tomato pulp.

10. Barley – Annual Production 2012: 133,506,664 m / t. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) comes from Western Asia and northeast Africa (near the Nile river) and belongs to the Poaceae family. This crop is mainly produced in Russian Federation, France and Germany. Barley is mainly used for human consumption and alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages (tea and barley water) and it is also used as algicide and forage.

Top 10 most produced crops in the world – FAOSTAT. 2014. Food and Agricultural commodities production /Commodities by regions. Retrieved Dec. 08, 2014 from http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx

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