Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Italica, Brassicaceae family) belong to the family of cabbage, however in this vegetable, the inflorescences are preferred before the flowers open. This vegetable is rich in vitamins (mainly C, but also B, potassium, calcium, magnesium and iron) – it is important to remember that vitamins are sensitive and that degrade with heat, therefore the cooking time must be short. It is consumed cooked in stews, fried (if they are tender), roasts, au gratin and added to salads (raw) and to pasta. Broccoli is a vegetable may. 100g of broccoli is equivalent to 34 Kcal.
Celery (Apium graveolens, Apiaceae family) is a vegetable that (very) rarely is missing in vegetarian cuisine.The characteristic strong flavor of celery flavored soups and stews, but some people prefer to consume celery natural – fresh and raw. In medicine, it is recommended as anti rheumatic, emmenagogue and galactagogue, appetizer and diuretic. 100g celery is equivalent to 12 Kcal.
Chard (Beta vulgaris, Amaranthaceae family) is a vegetable whose leaves and stems can reveal green, pink, purple or reddish color. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked such as spinach. The plant is present in the menus of gourmet restaurants. The medicinal properties of this species are emenagogue, anti-cancer (breast, bowel, head and genitals) and treat ulcers and haemorrhoids. 100g chard is equivalent to 20 Kcal.
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus, Cucurbitaceae family) belongs to the family of melon and pumpkin. There are numerous varieties of cucumbers, of which the most common are the long, used in salads and small (1 to 3 cm) used in pickles and other preserved. The cucumber has diuretic properties due to the high content in water, is rich in potassium but low in sodium and vitamins. The cucumber is consumed raw (always shelled because this can irritate the intestines) for example in salads, cooked–stuffed, stew and in soups. 100g of cucumber (with peel) is equivalent to 18 Kcal.
Pumpkin (Cucurbita spp., Cucurbitaceae family) is a fruit of the gourd plant. The pumpkin and the seeds are eaten raw, soups and cooked. The pumpkin and pumpkin seeds are recommended by homeopaths prevention of prostate cancer. The pumpkin has vermifuge properties (especially recommended for children). 100g pumpkin is equivalent to 26 Kcal.
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